Plants of the Bible

AcaciaAcacia tortilis and other species
Aleppo pinePinus halepensis
AlmondAmygdalus communis
AloeAloe vera
ApplePyrus malus
Balm of GileadCistus incanus and perhaps other species of Cistus
BarleyHordeum vulgare
BeanVicia fava
Black cumminNigella sativa
BrambleRubus sanguineus
BroomRetama raetum
CalamusAcorus calamus
CaperCapparis spinosa
CarobCeratonia siliqua
Cassia, cinnamonCinnamomum aromaticum, C. zeylandica
CedarCedrus libani, Cedar of Lebanon
CorianderCoriandrum sativum
CottonGossypium sp. Cotton
CumminCuminum cyminum
Cypress Cupressus sempervirens
DillAnethum graveolens
Dove's dungOrnithalagum umbellatum?, or perhaps Muscari commutatum or the seeds of Ceratonia siliqua
EbonyDiospyros ebenum
Euphrates poplarPopulus euphratica
FigFicus carica
FlaxLinum ustitatissimum
FrankincenseBoswellia species
GalbanumFerula galbaniflua
GallConium maculatum?
GarlicAllium sativum
GourdCitrillus colycinthus
GrapeVitus vinifera
Gum resinPistacia palaestina?
Gum tragacanthAstragalus gummifer?
HennaLawsonia inermis
HyssopOriganum syriacum
LadanumCistus incanus
LaurelLaurus nobilis
LeeksAllium porrum
LentilLens culinaris
Lign aloes or aloe woodAquilaria agallocha?
LilyLilium candidum
MandrakeMandragora autumnalis
MelonCitrullus lanatus
MilletSorghum vulgare
MintMentha longifolia
MustardBrassica nigra or B. alba
MyrrhCommiphora gileadensis
MyrtleMyrtus communis
NettlesUrtica pililfera
OakQuercus calliprinos and Q. itharburensis
OliveOlea europaea
OnionAllium cepa
PalmPhoenix dactylifera
PapyrusCyperus papyrus
PistachioPistacia vera
Plane treePlatanus orientalis
PomegranatePunica granatum
ReedPhragmites australis
Rose of SharonGladiolus italicus?
RueRuta chalepensis
RushJuncus maritimus or J. arabicus
SaffronCrocus sativus
SorghumSorghum vulgare
SpeltTriticum diococcoides
SpikenardNardostachys jatamansi
Stone pinePinus pinaea
StyraxStyrax officinalis
Sycomore figFicus sycomorus
TamarixTamarix aphylla, Tamarix
TaresCephalaria syriaca or possibly Lolium temulentum
TerebinthPistacia atlantica and P. palaestina
ThornSarcopoterium spinosum
Thyine woodTetraclinis articulata? or possibly sandalwood, Santalum album
TragacanthAstragalus gummifer
TumbleweedGundelia tournefortii
WalnutJuglans regia
WheatTriticum aestivum Bread, bricks, and beer-Wheat products and T. durum) Roasted green wheat
White poplarPopulus alba
WillowSalix alba and perhaps others
WormwoodArtemisia herba-alba or Papaver somniferum
YeastSaccharomyces cerivisae